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Healthy lifestyle prevents
Our kidneys perform important functions in the body: they regulate the chemical balance, clean the blood, regulate blood pressure and are responsible for draining the body. About 100 liters flow through the kidneys every day. Here the blood is filtered and harmful substances are excreted as urine via urinary organs. Failure of the filter elements can be life-threatening.
If blockages block the urinary structures, water and toxins accumulate in the body. The urine can no longer drain. If you suffer severe pain in the area of the kidneys, if you cannot urinate or if you notice blood in the urine, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Benign prostate enlargement or prostate cancer are responsible for narrowing the urethra, for example. "The prostate is under the bladder," explains Dr. Reinhold Schaefer, urologist and medical director of the medical network Uro-GmbH North Rhine. "If it is enlarged, it can press so much on the urethra that the urine builds up." Other causes include cancer in the kidney area, urinary stones and illness in which the connective tissue layer of the ureter thickens. If the person affected can only leave little or no urine and there is pain, a doctor must be consulted immediately. Sometimes you experience fatigue, tiredness or loss of appetite.
At the urologist, the urine drain is first guaranteed by a catheter. This relieves the kidneys so that they can regenerate again. "In the case of acute kidney failure, there are usually no long-term consequences and the kidneys continue to work normally." In the chronic form, on the other hand, irreversible damage is often also left behind. Here the first symptoms are often not undetected.
People suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes or serious infectious diseases or who are taking painkillers on a long-term basis should therefore have regular urological checks.
After the first treatment, it is necessary to find out the causes. Kidney and ureter stones have to be treated and medication properly adjusted. Prostate cancer or bladder tumors need surgery and treatment. Medicinal or surgical therapies are used for benign prostate enlargements. As with other diseases, sufferers can also prevent kidney failure: balanced nutrition, exercise, not smoking and only moderate alcohol consumption help to stay healthy. Drinking enough - at least one and a half liters of water a day - is also good for the kidneys. (pm)